ROLL OF VICTIMS
The Roll of Victims is the official list of Martial Law 1972-1986 era victims, including the place of incident of the violation against them, as resolved by the Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board (HRVCB), an independent and quasi-judicial body created by R. A. 10368 to receive, evaluate, process and investigate reparation applications of Human Rights Violations Victims, as defined by R. A. 10368.
In providing financial assistance to Martial Law victims, the HRVCB, as per the HRVCB Board Resolution 002-2015 dtd March 04, 2015 Annex A “Legal Guide on Definition of Human Rights Violations and Awarding of Points Under RA 10368”, organized a point system hierarchy for the violations committed to a victim. It ranged from Ten (10) being the most severe to One (1) being the least; various abuses fall under different points which served as the reference of the organization in allocating assistance to the victim. The Roll of Victims has been divided into this point system.
10 Points were awarded to those Killed or Disappeared and Still Missing. Killed refers to those killed by a state agent without due process of law while exercising their civil and/or political rights and include death as a result of torture, where torture is the proximate cause of death. Disappeared refers to arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty committed by state agents or by persons or groups of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiesence of the State followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which places such person outside the protection of the law.
Toggle Content2 Points were awarded to victims of Involuntary Exile from the Philippines when violence or irresistible force, not resulting in physical injuries as defined by the Revised Penal Code, was employed against the victim who was not arrested or detained and which gave rise to reasonable belief that there was continuing arrest or harm to be inflicted upon the victim or their family. 2 Points were also awarded to victims of Unjust or Illegal Takeover of Business if it affected the livelihood or survival of the victim, or the value of property. 2 Points were also awarded to victims of Kidnapping or otherwise exploiting children of persons suspected of committing acts against the Marcos regime; Sexual abuse committed without lewd intentions or designs against detained Human Rights Victims and/or in the course of conducting military and/or police operations; or Physical Injury committed against a person, not amounting to torture or CIDT, while in the exercise of his civil and political rights and was rendered unproductive for 90 days and more.
ROLL OF VICTIMS
On May 11, 2018, the Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board (HRVCB) released Resolution No. 18-2018, which gave recognition to 126 motu proprio victims of Martial Law. The Board was given the power to recognize these victims motu proprio based on Sections 18 and 26 of R.A. 10368, as well as Section 20 of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A. 10368. These victims, whether they opted to seek reparation, shall be given recognition by enshrining their names in a Roll of Human Rights Victims to be prepared by the Board.
Section 20 of the IRR of R.A. 10368 states that “The Board may take judicial notice Motu Proprio of individual persons who suffered human rights violations as defined herein and grant such persons recognition as HRVVs and enshrined in the Roll of Human Rights Violations Victims.”
Through the resolution, the board identified 103 men and 22 women for the heroism of the following Filipinos. These men and women will be integrated as Part II of the Roll of Human Rights Victims.